Saturnia was chosen by early settlers (Neolithic tribes ) for its strategic position an isolated rocky outcrop of travertine stone in the middle of white travertine stone in the middle of the wide and fertile valley of Albegna and Stellata rivers and, above all, near to the hot springs. This abundance of water from the rivers and the healing thermal springsis without doubt the prime reason why Saturnia was such a prosperous city. In The 9 th c. BC a Villanovan community resided in the area. There is a necropolis at Sede di S. Carlo beneath the west side of the town. At the biginning of Etruscan History, from 8 th to th 5 th c. BC, Satunia enjoy a period of prosperity until the general decline of the Etruria in 183 BC when it became a Prefecture of Rome. This coincided with the arrival of the tribe of Sabines, a colony of Roman citizens. In 82 BC , the city was destroyed by Silla because it was aligned with Mario and had given refuge to his armies. In the early medieval periods it suffered Goths, Saracens pirates and other tribes raidings until it became part of the Aldobrandeschi county. In 1300s the city had become a hideout for bandits and was subsequently attacked and destroyed by the Sienese. The present town is now one of the most flourishing tourist centres in southern Tuscany because of its Thermal waters, ancient ruins and beautiful countryside. The picture above is the free to public thermal river.
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